How to Find the X-intercepts of a Function
The x-intercepts of a function f(x) is found by finding the values of x which make f(x) = 0.Write f(x) = 0, and solve for x to find the x-intercepts of a function. The method for solving for x will depend on the type of function (linear, quadratic, or trigonometric etc).
Why Does This Work?
Solving f(x) = 0 uses functional notation (see Note) to express the following idea. The function plotted on the graph is y = f(x). That is, the output of the function at each input x is assigned to y. (The input is the x-coordinate and we write the output as the y-coordinate). The x-intercepts are the ouput of the function at the x-axis. Along the x-axis, the value of y is 0. The output f(x) (which is plotted as y) of the function equals 0. The image below shows what we mean:A Real Example of How to Find the X-intercepts of a Function
Finding the x-intercepts of a function is easy.Question
What are the x-intercepts of the function f(x) = 2x − 4?Step-by-Step:
1
Write the function equal to 0, f(x) = 0.
f(x) = 2x − 4 = 0
2
Find the value of x that solves the equation.
What Type of Equation Is It?
This is a linear equation.How Do We Solve It?
Rearrange the equation to find "x = ".2x − 4 = 0 | |
2x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 | Add 4 to both sides |
2x = 4 | |
2x ÷ 2 = 4 ÷ 2 | Divide both sides by 2 |
x = 2 |
Answer:
The x-intercept of f(x) = 2x − 4 is 2.Another Real Example of How to Find the X-intercepts of a Function
Question
What are the x-intercepts of the function f(x) = x^{2} + 4x + 3?Step-by-Step:
1
Write the function equal to 0, f(x) = 0.
f(x) = x^{2} + 4x + 3 = 0
2
Find the value of x that solves the equation.
how to solve quadratic equations using factoring
What Type of Equation Is It?
This is a quadratic equation.How Do We Solve It?
Factor the quadratic equation into two brackets. Set each bracket to equal 0 and find "x = ".x^{2} + 4x + 3 = 0 | |
(x + 1)(x + 3) = 0 | Find two numbers that multiply to make the constant term (3) and add to the coefficient of x (4) 1 and 3 do this. Put them in brackets added to x |
x + 1 = 0 ⇒ x = −1 | Equate 1^{st} bracket to 0 and solve |
x + 3 = 0 ⇒ x = −3 | Equate 2^{nd} bracket to 0 and solve |
how to solve quadratic equations using factoring
Answer:
The x-intercepts of f(x) = x^{2} + 4x + 3 are −1 and −3.A Note on Notation
For a function, the input is often denoted by x and the function by f(x), which is equal to the output. When we plot a function on a graph, we make y = f(x). That is, the y-coordinate on the graph is equal to the output of the function.Different Functions Are SOolved by Different Methods
Functions come in many different forms.- They can be linear:
- They can be quadratic:
- They can be trigonometic:
How Many X-intercepts?
Different functions have different numbers of x-intercepts. Linear functions will have 1 x-intercept, unless it is a horizontal line where it will have 0 x-intercepts. Quadratic functions can have 0 or 1 or 2 x-intercepts. Trigonometric functions can have an infinite number of x-intercepts!You might also like...
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