The LessonThe length of an arc of a circle is given by the formula: In this formula, r is the radius of the circle and θ is the angle (in radians) subtended by the arc. The image below shows what we mean by the length of an arc:
How to Find the Length of an Arc of a Circle (Radians)Finding the length of an arc of a circle, when the angle is in radians, is easy.
QuestionWhat is the length of the arc with an angle of 1 radian and a radius of 5 cm, as shown below?
Start with the formula:
Length of arc = rθ
Substitute the radius and the angle into the formula. In our example, r = 5 and θ = 1.
Length of arc = 5 × 1
Length of arc = 5 cm
Answer:The length of an arc of a circle with a radius of 5 cm, which is subtended by an angle of 1 radian, is 5 cm.
Lesson SlidesThe slider below shows another real example of how to find the length of an arc of a circle when the angle is in radians.
What Is an Arc?An arc is a portion of the circumference.
What Are Radians?Radians are a way of measuring angles. 1 radian is the angle found when the radius is wrapped around the circle.
Why Does the Formula Work?An angle in radians can be found using the formula:
Angle = Arc length ⁄ RadiusWe can rearrange this formula to make the arc length the subject:
Arc length = Angle × Radius
Arc length = θ × r