The Mathematical Symbol "Equal and Parallel To (⋕)"

The ⋕ Symbol in Mathematics: Equal and Parallel To

As we journey through the myriad of mathematical symbols, each holds its unique place in conveying specific relationships and ideas. The ⋕ symbol, representing "Equal and Parallel To", is one such notation with its distinct significance. This article delves into its use and meaning, supported by relevant examples.


The ⋕ symbol is used in geometry and vector algebra to denote that two lines or vectors are both parallel and have the same direction or magnitude. It emphasizes the unique condition where mere parallelism isn't enough; the two entities must also be congruent in magnitude or direction.


  • Example 1: In the realm of geometry, when describing two line segments AB and CD that are both parallel and of equal length, one might state:
    \( \overline{AB} ⋕ \overline{CD} \)
    This denotes that the line segments are not just parallel but also equal in length.
  • Example 2: In vector algebra, if two vectors \( \mathbf{v} \) and \( \mathbf{w} \) are parallel and have the same magnitude, it can be represented as:
    \( \mathbf{v} ⋕ \mathbf{w} \)
    This indicates both vectors point in the same direction and have the same magnitude.

In summary, the ⋕ symbol offers a succinct way to express the unique relationship where two entities are parallel and congruent in magnitude or direction. Its use clarifies and refines the understanding of geometric and vector relationships in mathematical discourse.

Mathematical symbol 'Equal and Parallel To'

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Codes for the ⋕ Symbol

The Symbol
Alt CodeAlt 8917
HTML Code⋕
HTML Entity⋕
CSS Code\22D5
Hex Code⋕

How To Insert the ⋕ Symbol

(Method 1) Copy and paste the symbol.

The easiest way to get the ⋕ symbol is to copy and paste it into your document.

Bear in mind that this is a UTF-8 encoded character. It must be encoded as UTF-8 at all stages (copying, replacing, editing, pasting), otherwise it will render as random characters or the dreaded �.

(Method 2) Use the "Alt Code."

If you have a keyboard with a numeric pad, you can use this method. Simply hold down the Alt key and type 8917. When you lift the Alt key, the symbol appears. ("Num Lock" must be on.)

(Method 3) Use the HTML Decimal Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#8917;</b>My symbol: ⋕

(Method 4) Use the HTML Entity Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &epar;</b>My symbol: ⋕

(Method 5) Use the CSS Code (for webpages).

CSS and HTML TextOutput
span:after {
content: "\22D5";}
<span>My symbol:</span>
My symbol: ⋕

(Method 6) Use the HTML Hex Code (for webpages and HTML canvas).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#x22D5;</b>My symbol: ⋕
On the assumption that you already have your canvas and the context set up, use the Hex code in the format 0x22D5 to place the ⋕ symbol on your canvas. For example:
JavaScript Text
const x = "0x"+"E9"
ctx.fillText(String.fromCodePoint(x), 5, 5);

(Method 7) Use the Unicode (for various, e.g. Microsoft Office, JavaScript, Perl).

The Unicode for ⋕ is U+22D5. The important part is the hexadecimal number after the U+, which is used in various formats. For example, in Microsoft Office applications (e.g. Word, PowerPoint), do the following:
[Hold down Alt]
[Press x]

(The 22D5 turns into ⋕. Note that you can omit any leading zeros.)
In JavaScript, the syntax is \uXXXX. So, our example would be \u22D5. (Note that the format is 4 hexadecimal characters.)
JavaScript TextOutput
let str = "\u22D5"
document.write("My symbol: " + str)
My symbol: ⋕