The Mathematical Symbol "Up Right Diagonal Ellipsis (⋰)"

The ⋰ Symbol in Mathematics: Up Right Diagonal Ellipsis

Among the myriad of symbols in mathematics, the ⋰ symbol stands for the "Up Right Diagonal Ellipsis". This symbol is typically employed in matrices or sequences to represent the continuation of elements in an upward and rightward direction, indicating that the pattern continues in that manner. In this article, we'll explore its primary uses, supplemented with two illustrative examples.


The ⋰ symbol serves as a placeholder for elements that are understood to continue in a specific manner but are not explicitly written out. This shorthand proves valuable in matrices or sequences where space is limited or where the exact elements are not necessary for comprehension.


  • Example 1: In the context of a matrix, consider the identity matrix of order 4: \[ \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & \ddots & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix} \] Here, the ⋰ symbol (&ddots; in LaTeX) indicates the diagonal pattern of ones continues.
  • Example 2: When describing a sequence of numbers, if we have the pattern 1, 4, 9, 16, ... , the sequence can be visually represented as: 1 ⋰ 16
    Signifying that the pattern of square numbers from 1 to 16 (and potentially beyond) is being described.

In summary, the ⋰ symbol acts as a concise representation to indicate the continuation of a pattern in an up right diagonal manner within mathematical constructs. Its use allows for clarity while maintaining brevity in various mathematical contexts.

Mathematical symbol 'Up Right Diagonal Ellipsis'

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Codes for the ⋰ Symbol

The Symbol
Alt CodeAlt 8944
HTML Code⋰
HTML Entity⋰
CSS Code\22F0
Hex Code⋰

How To Insert the ⋰ Symbol

(Method 1) Copy and paste the symbol.

The easiest way to get the ⋰ symbol is to copy and paste it into your document.

Bear in mind that this is a UTF-8 encoded character. It must be encoded as UTF-8 at all stages (copying, replacing, editing, pasting), otherwise it will render as random characters or the dreaded �.

(Method 2) Use the "Alt Code."

If you have a keyboard with a numeric pad, you can use this method. Simply hold down the Alt key and type 8944. When you lift the Alt key, the symbol appears. ("Num Lock" must be on.)

(Method 3) Use the HTML Decimal Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#8944;</b>My symbol: ⋰

(Method 4) Use the HTML Entity Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &utdot;</b>My symbol: ⋰

(Method 5) Use the CSS Code (for webpages).

CSS and HTML TextOutput
span:after {
content: "\22F0";}
<span>My symbol:</span>
My symbol: ⋰

(Method 6) Use the HTML Hex Code (for webpages and HTML canvas).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#x22F0;</b>My symbol: ⋰
On the assumption that you already have your canvas and the context set up, use the Hex code in the format 0x22F0 to place the ⋰ symbol on your canvas. For example:
JavaScript Text
const x = "0x"+"E9"
ctx.fillText(String.fromCodePoint(x), 5, 5);

(Method 7) Use the Unicode (for various, e.g. Microsoft Office, JavaScript, Perl).

The Unicode for ⋰ is U+22F0. The important part is the hexadecimal number after the U+, which is used in various formats. For example, in Microsoft Office applications (e.g. Word, PowerPoint), do the following:
[Hold down Alt]
[Press x]

(The 22F0 turns into ⋰. Note that you can omit any leading zeros.)
In JavaScript, the syntax is \uXXXX. So, our example would be \u22F0. (Note that the format is 4 hexadecimal characters.)
JavaScript TextOutput
let str = "\u22F0"
document.write("My symbol: " + str)
My symbol: ⋰